Summary: The technical level of mine machinery and equipment ability, it is the important sign that measures actual strength of industry of a nation. The article is brief the classification that introduced mine machine and in the action in national economy construction, the support with the much integrated and compositive discipline such as technology of the market drive that puts forward to face economy to build, computer and IT and mankind and natural harmony develop is mine the power that mechanical manufacturing industry expands, the development tendency that discussed mine machine is digitlization, intelligence is changed, zoology is changed and delightful change.
Mine machinery basically faces the sources of energy, traffic and service of department of industry of raw material base, main task is to be the mine of the branch such as coal, steely, nonferrous metal, chemical industry, building materials and nuclear industry the deep treatment of exploitation and raw material, and the construction that waits for large project for railroad, highway, water and electricity supplies advanced, efficient technology equipment. Mine machinery is a breed in machinist job construction of various, facility complex, demand the mechanical industry with big, use wide range. Mine machinery can be divided roughly by its utility to excavate equipment, hoist, narrow facility for transporting, broken pink grinds course equipment, mine uses equipment of sizing device, washing and roast equipment to wait for 7 kinds big, 30 group, 700 many breed and thousands of kinds of norms.
Mine machinery progresses in economic construction, science and technology and very significant position and effect are had in social progress, attribute the pillar trade of national economy. Mine machinery manufacturing industry is the base that the country builds independent industry system, also be the important sign that measures actual strength of industry of a nation. Wait for the industrial policy that fundamental industry develops according to the sources of energy of national emphasis support, traffic and raw material, mine machinery serves as the pillar of these fundamental industry to answer preferential the key support that gets a country, rise in order to get further progress is mixed, the development that is coal, metal and metalloid mine offers more having international is advanced high grade, efficient equipment of the level, contented countryman economy grows the need of pair of the sources of energy and raw material.
Reforming and opening comes 30 years, manufacturing industry experienced machinery of our country mine to introduce digest absorb abroad to advanced technique, collaboration is designed and close make, the development road of own design, be in especially carry out " the State Council revitalizes equipment manufacturing industry about accelerating a certain number of opinions " drive below, mine machinery manufacturing industry realized two about-face basically, it is product development by be modelled on model to own innovation change; 2 it is economy moves by extensive model to benefit change. Since 2000, what develop greatly is build to pull in domestic base industry and foundation move below, demand of market of mine machinery product is exuberant, gross value of industrial output and sale year growth rate stability is in 32%~40% . While market demand is driving mine machinery to make already aid grow, more the technology that promoted whole industry progresses, emerge in large numbers a batch of gross new products that have own intellectual property, if north weighed labour to develop ∮ 11m cement to balance aegis compose and 9.8km,large plane turns belt conveyer, the letter weighed labour to develop 8.8×4.8 to grind machine and ball mill of 6.2×9.5m excessive flow pattern oneself partly in, and with won the bid 2008 6 groups of 12 worlds' greatest 12.2×10.9m grind Australian SINO iron ore oneself partly machine and ball mill of 7.9×13.6 excessive flow pattern, heavy-duty and rigid group developed Taiyuan large ore deposit of 35m3 and 55m3 uses machine of coal mining of layer of thick colliery of grab and 1800kW~2040 KW high-power, bridge of Shanghai construction road developed 6m electro-hydraulic bracket of control hydraulic pressure. The success of afore-mentioned gross new products is developed, made positive contribution for national economy construction, narrowed at the same time the difference with advanced country, promoted the capacity that shares international competition, industry of machinery of our country mine is producing bigger and bigger effect in international mine project.
The develops one mankind technology progress of mine machinery, modern science and technology and be closely bound up of integral industry standard, learn the development with mining course to be linked together cheek by jowl with machinist Cheng division especially. Forward position of modern science and technology has apparent time domain, domain and dynamic character. Information science, material science, life science, accept rice science, government science and production science is the mainstream science that changes 21 centuries, the new and high technology that produces from this and its industry will change the world. The alternate confluence between different science will produce new scientific focusing, the progress of economic development and society generates new requirement and expectation to mine machinery. The general trend that machinist Cheng science develops will be digitlization, intelligence change, nicety is changed, miniature is changed, life is changed and zoology is changed. Mine machinery regards machinist Cheng as a branch of course, also follow the general trend of this development. In the meantime, combine the characteristic of mine industry, its develop tendency is digitlization, intelligence is changed, zoology is changed and delightful change. Mine machinery manufacturing industry should blend in the mankind to be in ceaselessly the outstanding achievement of each domain, face national economy to build significant demand, it is guidance with scientific progress view, implementation can develop continuously.
1, the mechanism moving Wu that mine machinery develops
Drive of 2.1 markets competition
Advanced level photograph compares the integral level of machinery of our country mine and international to still have difference. In marching toward mine machinery to make the journey of powerful nation, good luck and challenge coexist. Products plan is the soul of manufacturing industry, time of the structure of the product, function, quality, cost, delivery and producibility, but maintainability, discard as useless aftertreatment and person, machine and environmental relation, in principle decides in products plan phase. The innovation of the product designs ability to already became the chief factor of the position in deciding the company competes in globalization.
Mine machinery is technical content is mixed compositive turn very high equipment, be in the mankind ceaselessly in the development of new facility confluence of each domain achievement comes in, as the progress of technology of material science, workmanship, IT, computer, each rounds of product has new technical infuse, the replacement of newer periodic shorter and shorter, new facility of component is faster and faster, especially the development of large mine machinery, the experience that does not have maturity can be drawn lessons from, and any error appear in allowing to design, accordingly must the confluence of skill of much discipline of have the aid of, improve design efficiency and design quality, promote an enterprise own innovation ability and market competition ability. Mine machinery and computer technology, network technology formed digitlization to develop a tendency on integrated foundation.
The need that 2.2 economy build
As the development of social progress and national economy, the mankind is bigger and bigger to the demand of resource and the sources of energy, and our country is the country with a relatively poor resource. As the development of resource, exploitation deepness increases gradually, by terrestrial Xiang Haiyang outspread, resource field condition is increasingly exasperate, the situation of safe exploitation is serious with each passing day; The coal of our country extracts deepness already achieved 1000m, the chroma of metallic mine achieves 1380m, bed extracts deepness increases, stress of groundwater, gas, upland, geological construction makes resource extracts difficulty increases greatly.
Automation extracts without person working face is a well fall or the development direction of dangerous environment mining, also be the efficient way that safety of safeguard working face extracts. Apply mining integratedly to learn, computer science and automation technology, communication technology, technology, the fundamental theory that undertakes automation extracts without person working face studies and equip development new technology, newly, make mine machinery will be changed towards the robot change directional development with intelligence.
Marine contain is worn a variety of strategical resource of metallic mineral products, realize the efficient safety of resource of marine mineral products to extract, the marine rights and interests to ensure a country and national economy progress provide technical support, the society can develop continuously provide safeguard. Realize marine mining, need develops deep-sea cable to accuse nobody to go implement, nobody are abstained without cable go greatly implement wait for intelligence to change mining machinery to equip.
The 2.3 need that face environment harmony to develop
Our country “ points out in compendium of 915 ” program, should build resource managing model, the environment is friendly model society, the key expands circular economy, insist to develop managing pay equal attention to, managing and preferential, according to decrease quantify, recycle, resource changes a fundamental, in resource exploitation, production is used up, the link such as trash generation, consumption, the resource of work up whole society uses a system circularly; Should managing the sources of energy, managing with water, managing land, managing material, strengthen resource to use aggrandizement integratedly to promote managing wait for policy. Should mechanical manufacturing industry change construction to 4R from the mode of pure pursuit dimensions and benefit (Reduce: ? Euse: of of Ta kang ? Ecycle: of Luo ? Chi punishs Emanufacture: Reproducing) circular economy direction.
Face environment to achieve harmonious progress, zoology of “ of requirement mine machinery changes ” , have the aid of all sorts of advanced techniques undertake ceaseless innovation to making mode, production resource, workmanship create an organization, make the product does not produce an environment inside whole lifecycle pollution or environmental pollution are the least change, resource utilization rate is top, the sources of energy uses up lowest, what achieve beneficial result of business economic benefits and society finally is harmonious change. The machinery of fuel cell mine of efficient, 0 pollution has very good development perspective.
The heat of the earth's interior serves as green, reproducible resource, be decided to be the new energy resources that hold together society can develop continuously by world each country, it is better to already got in the developed country use, heat energy resource mixes development lithosphere to changed processing to extend service territory for mine machinery to solid trash resource.
Mine machinery is below the support with the much integrated and compositive discipline such as computer technology, network technology, face economic construction, below the drive of market demand, in the harmonious development of the mankind and nature, mine machinery has been changed towards digitlization, intelligence, zoology is changed and delightful change direction to develop.
[Origin: Chinese mineral separation chooses coal net put together to add up to information channel] [author: Chinese mineral separation chooses coal net put together to add up to information channel]
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